[Zope] Zope 2.9.3/2.9.1 On Suse 10.1 box version

robert rottermann robert at redcor.ch
Sun Jul 9 01:13:53 EDT 2006

what david says is correct.
furthermore you must (as the error suggests) add the user as which the 
zope process should run as to the zope config.
open  the /yourInstance/etc/zope.conf in an editor and look for 
this you set to the name of the user as which you start zope.

if you allways start zope as this user, the variable can be left unset.
however if you want to start zope as root
(eg in the start up process of your computer) then it MUST be set.
the reason for this is, that for security reason, zope is not allowed to 
run as user root.
if started by user root, the zope.conf is consulted and the process 
handed over to the effective user.
hence the need for this user to have rw permissions.

David H wrote:
> Ofer Weisglass wrote:
>> yes, it fixed the problem but now I have this error
>> it seems like user premission problem but I don't know how to solve it
>> /home/ofer/zope1/bin/runzope -X debug-mode=on
>> /home/usr/zopeplone/lib/python/ZServer/utils.py:33: DeprecationWarning:
>> The zLOG package is deprecated and will be removed in Zope 2.11. Use the
>> Python logging module instead.
>>   LOG('ZServer', severity[type], message)
>> 2006-07-09 00:16:23 INFO ZServer HTTP server started at Sun Jul  9
>> 00:16:23 2006
>>         Hostname:
>>         Port: 8080
>> 2006-07-09 00:16:23 CRITICAL Zope A user was not specified to setuid to;
>> fix this to start as root (change the effective-user directive in
>> zope.conf)
>> Traceback (most recent call last):
>>   File "/home/usr/zopeplone/lib/python/Zope2/Startup/run.py", line 56, in ?
>>     run()
>>   File "/home/usr/zopeplone/lib/python/Zope2/Startup/run.py", line 21, in run
>>     starter.prepare()
>>   File "/home/usr/zopeplone/lib/python/Zope2/Startup/__init__.py", line
>> 94, in prepare
>>     self.dropPrivileges()
>>   File "/home/usr/zopeplone/lib/python/Zope2/Startup/__init__.py", line
>> 213, in dropPrivileges
>>     return dropPrivileges(self.cfg)
>>   File "/home/usr/zopeplone/lib/python/Zope2/Startup/__init__.py", line
>> 382, in dropPrivileges
>>     raise ZConfig.ConfigurationError(msg)
>> ZConfig.ConfigurationError: A user was not specified to setuid to; fix
>> this to start as root (change the effective-user directive in zope.conf)
>>> --On 24. Juni 2006 23:09:00 +0300 Ofer Weisglass <lists at weisglass.net>
>>> wrote:
>>>> Hi
>>>> I am trying to install Zope 2.9.3 or 2.9.1 on Suse 10.1 and this is what
>>>> I
>>>> get:
>>>> error: must supply either home or prefix/exec-prefix -- not both
>>>> make: *** [install] Error 1
>>>> Any ideas what to do?
>>> Please try again with a Python source build. Usually we don't care much
>>> about system Python installation that are often broken in different ways.
>>> -aj
> Maybe this can help?
> This is from either Plope or Plone site (i think I snipped it long ago):
> <<
> If you are running everything as root, you will get an instance that 
> cannot be started, because a different effective user id is required 
> for it to change to. Even if you create an account after the fact, 
> that user cannot start zope because it doesn't have access to any of 
> the instance files.
> The best way to run mkzopeinstance is to first su to another user (su 
> zope) and then run mkzopeinstance.py. The zope user must have write 
> access to create the directory.
> After the instance is created, edit "effective-user zope" into the 
> etc/zope.conf, so if you start it as root later it should su itself to 
> the non-root user.
> >>
> David
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